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  • Scholar's Advances in Animal and Veterinary Research
    SAAVR Current Issue (Vol: 03, Issue: 03)

    Accepted Articles

        Comparison Of Intravenous And Inhalation Anesthesia For Performing Minor And Major Surgeries In Sheep And Goat...Review

        Hafiz Muhammad Qasim*1, Muhammad Imran Ibraheem1

        1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

        *Corresponding author:
        Email; vet_drqasim@yahoo.com


        Pages: 85-94
        Ketamine has two resolvable isomers or enantiomers that are S-(+)-ketamine and R-(+)-ketamine (Rossetti et al. 2008). It is a white crystalline powder having molecular weight of 238kd. It has more lipid solubility as compared to thiopental so it is rapidly distributed into the body tissues. Ketamine is prepared in slightly acidic solution and the racemic mixture comes in concentration of 10, 50 and 100 mg ketamine base per millilitre of sodium chloride solution. Ketamine is metabolized by hepatic microsomal enzymes. The major pathways involve N-de-methylation to form nor ketamine, which is then dehydroxylated to form hydroxyl norketamine. These products are conjugated to water soluble glucuronide derivatives and are excreted in urine (Rossetti et al. 2008).

        Efficacy Of Different Anesthetic Coktails During Scrotal Sac Ablation Surgery In Rams And Bucks

        Muhammad Abid Hayat*1, Shehla Gul Bokhari1, Muhammad Arif Khan1, Hafiz Muhammad Qasim1, Abid Hussain Shahzad2, Bilal Muhammad Shahid3, Asif Iqbal3, Zawar Husain3

        1 Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
        2 Department Clinical Sciences, Section of Theriogenology, College of Veterinary Sciences Jhang 35200, Pakistan
        3 3Department of Parasitology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan

        *Corresponding author:
        E-mail: abidbagra.uvas@gmail.com


        Pages: 95-107
        The study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Xylazine, Ketamine and Midazolam as injectable anesthesia and isoflurane gas anesthesia on pathological parameters in Rams and Bucks. Animals were divided into three groups (n=4) group A, B and C each having 4 animals. All animals were pre-medicated with atropine sulphate at the dose rate of (0.1-0.4 mg/kg, I.M). Prior to surgery, the testis of each animal was scanned using B-mode Sonography to assess the changes in testicles. Blood cell counts and plasma biochemical analysis were performed before anesthesia (control group), during anesthesia and after recovery undergoing scrotalsac ablation surgery. An increase in WBC, platelets, and lymphocyte (P#0.05) and decrease in total red blood cell count was recorded during anesthesia and after recovery. There were no significant changes in hemoglobin

        Impacts of Haemonchosis on Small Ruminants in South Punjab, Pakistan

        Abid Hussain Shahzad1, 1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

        *Corresponding author:
        Email: ahshahzad@uvas.edu.pk
        Keywords:H. contortus, Sheep, Goat, Prevalence, Treatment, EPG, Blood profile


        Pages: 108-118
        This study was designed to determine dynamic dispersal, treatment of H. contortus and its effect on blood profile of small ruminants in district Lodhran, Punjab, Pakistan. Out of total 646 animals, 30.03% (97/323) sheep and 25.07% (81/323) goats were found positive. The prevalence was found having positive (P < 0.05) association with seasons and body condition score. A total of 60 infected animals (n= 30 for each sheep and goats) were divided into five groups A, B, C, D and E (n=6 for each group) for the analysis of efficacy trials and blood profile. They were treated with the combination of triclabendazole and levamisole (A), Mallotus philippensis (B) and Fumaria indica (C) whereas groups D and E were maintained as control positive (infected untreated) and control negative (uninfected untreated) respectively. Triclabendazole and levamisole combination was the most effective treatment in order followed by kamila (Mallotus philippensis) and shahtrah (Fumaria indica).The statistical analysis of blood profile showed significant (P < 0.05) decrease in red blood cellsís, haemoglobin, pack cell volume, total serum protein concentration, serum albumin and significant (P < 0.05) increase in eosinophil number and serum enzymes level in infected animals. In conclusion, H. contortus may be considered as endemic in study area.

        Effect of Season on Occurrence of Caprine Mastitis in Beetal Faisalabadi in and Around Faisalabad

        Muhammad Rashid1, Muhammad Ijaz Saleem*1, Farrah Deeba1, Syed Ashar Mahfooz1, Muhammad Sajjad Khan2, Asif Ali Butt3, Malik Waseem Abbas3, and Ghulam Abbas4

        1 Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan 38040
        2 Institute of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan 38040
        3 Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Punjab, Pakistan
        4 Department of Poultry Science, Riphah College of Veterinary Sciences, Lahore

        *Corresponding author:
        E-mail: drijazsaleem@gmail.com
        Keywords: Mastitis, Goat, Season, Pathogen


        Pages: 119-125
        Mastitis in goats, analogous to dairy cattle, is one of the most significant diseases of economic importance, worldwide. For the proposed study 25 Beetal Faisalabadi goat farms comprising 10-20 goats in radius of 25 km was included. Sampling was done during two kidding season first in September-October and second in February-March. The epidemiological data, including goat breed, age, parity, stage of lactation, amount of milk, length of lactation period and farming system were recorded. These selected herds were screened out by SFMT and positive milk samples were aseptically collected. Samples from infected goats were subjected to microbiological assays. On the basis of results of sampling, screening and microbiological analysis of milk samples it was revealed that mastitis is more in summer season as compared to winter season. In

        Successful Use of Autogenous Vaccine in the Treatment of Caseous Lymphadenitis in Beetal Goat: A Case Report

        Aasia Noor and Imaad Rashid

        1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan


        Pages: 126-129
        Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is primarily an infectious and contagious disease of sheep and goats all over the world. The present study involved a case of CLA in a Beetal goat that displayed the typical signs and symptoms of the disease and is focused on the treatment of the disease by autogenous vaccine. Following the autogenous therapy, noticeable improvement was seen and the animal resumed lactation within 3 weeks. Henceforth, autogenous vaccine therapy can be successfully used in CLA adjunct with supportive therapy.

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